Stomach cancer stages are measurements that doctors regularly used to portray the degree to which a patient’s cancer has developed and spread to different tissues or organs. Organizing gives steady wording that can be helpful to a whole group of medicinal experts.
In order to assign an appropriate stage to your cancer, a doctor will commonly arrange a types of diagnostic tests, for example, physical examinations, imaging scans, blood analyses and biopsies, and then thoroughly examine the results. While assessing a cancer, one of the following stomach cancer stages will generally be assigned:
Below are the Stomach Cancer Stages:
Stage 0 – Abnormal cells have been identified in the inner layer of the stomach, but nowhere else.
Stage 1 – A tumor has spread into the second layer of the stomach (submucosa), and malignant cells have been found in up to six lymph nodes. This stage may also be allocated if a cancer has spread to the muscular layer of the stomach (subserosa), but has not spread to any lymph nodes or nearby organs.
Stage 2 – Malignant cells have spread just to the submucosa and can be found in 7 to 15 lymph nodes, a tumor has attacked the subserosa and spread to up to six lymph nodes, or a tumor has influenced the external layer of the stomach (serosa), yet has not spread to lymph nodes or nearby organs.
Stage 3 – Cancer has spread to the subserosa and attacked up to 15 lymph nodes, or malignant cells have spread to other nearby organs, yet not region lymph nodes or organs that are further away from the stomach.
Stage 4 – A tumor has spread to in more than of 15 lymph nodes, malignant cells have spread to nearby organs and somewhere around one lymph node, or the cancer has metastasized to distant organs.
All these were the 4 critical Stomach Cancer Stages.
The latest numbers for stomach cancer use information from the years 2004 through 2008. Specialists took a look at individuals with stomach cancer who had medical surgery as a part of their treatment. Surgery is the main treatment of all but the most advanced stages. Individuals who are not candidates for Surgery will probably have a poorer prognosis than these estimates.
The five-year survival rates for stomach cancer by stage are as per the following:
Stage IA: 94%
Stage IB: 88%
Stage IIA: 82%
Stage IIB: 68%
Stage IIIA: 54%
Stage IIIB: 36%
Stage IIIC: 18%
Stage IV: 5%
There is also a five-year relative survival rate for stomach cancer. It is an overall survival rate for everybody with stomach cancer of 31%. This number is low because most stomach cancers in the United States are advanced at diagnosis. Just 10 to 20% of stomach cancers are in early stages when it remains confined to the stomach. The rest have spread either locally to nearby tissues or to distant body sites.
In you are facing a stomach cancer diagnosis, converse with your doctor about your situation. Your doctor is the best person to help you understand how survival estimates apply to you.